Hydrocarbons & Organic Chemistry

Functional Groups MCQs with Answers

Welcome to the Functional Groups MCQs with Answers, it helps learners quickly identify areas for improvement in Functional Groups Online Test.

Functional groups are specific groups of atoms within molecules that dictate their chemical properties and reactivity. MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) on functional groups are designed to test understanding and recognition of these key chemical entities in organic chemistry.

Quiz questions typically cover a range of functional groups such as alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amines, amides, and halides. They assess knowledge of their structures, nomenclature, physical properties, and characteristic chemical reactions. Practice questions often involve identifying functional groups in chemical structures, predicting their behavior in various reactions, and understanding how they influence the properties of organic compounds.

A thorough understanding of functional groups is essential for organic chemists, biochemists, and medicinal chemists, as these groups determine the roles and functions of molecules in biological systems and materials science. Mastery of functional groups allows chemists to predict the behavior of compounds, design new molecules with specific properties, and understand the mechanisms of biochemical reactions.

Functional Groups Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Functional Groups Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. You will have to read all the given answers of Functional Groups Questions and Answers and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Functional Groups MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Quiz Test
  • Total Questions: 40
  • Total Marks: 40
  • Time: 40 minutes

Note: Answer of the questions will change randomly each time you start the test. Practice each quiz test at least 3 times if you want to secure High Marks. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. If any answer looks wrong to you in Quiz, simply click on question and comment below that question, so that we can update the answer in the quiz section.

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Functional Groups

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1 / 40

What is the functional group in acetone?

2 / 40

Which functional group consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to four hydrogen atoms?

3 / 40

What is the functional group in ethers?

4 / 40

What is the functional group in aldehydes?

5 / 40

What is the functional group in esters?

6 / 40

What functional group consists of a carbon atom double-bonded to a nitrogen atom and also bonded to an oxygen atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

7 / 40

What is the functional group in butanone?

8 / 40

What is the functional group in methylamine?

9 / 40

What functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and two alkyl or aryl groups?

10 / 40

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a nitrogen atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

11 / 40

What is the functional group in thiols?

12 / 40

What functional group characterizes phenols?

13 / 40

What is the functional group in ketones?

14 / 40

What functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and an -OH group?

15 / 40

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

16 / 40

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and three alkyl or aryl groups?

17 / 40

What is the functional group in acetophenone?

18 / 40

What is the functional group in propanoic acid?

19 / 40

What is the functional group in amines?

20 / 40

What is the functional group in oxalic acid?

21 / 40

What is the functional group in chloroform?

22 / 40

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a nitrogen atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

23 / 40

What is the functional group in carboxylic acids?

24 / 40

What is the functional group in ethanethiol?

25 / 40

Which functional group consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two alkyl or aryl groups and two hydrogen atoms?

26 / 40

What is the functional group in alcohols?

27 / 40

What functional group consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to three alkyl or aryl groups and an -OH group?

28 / 40

What is the functional group in nitriles?

29 / 40

What is the functional group in formaldehyde?

30 / 40

Which functional group is present in acetic acid?

31 / 40

What is the functional group in acetyl chloride?

32 / 40

What is the general structure of a ketone?

33 / 40

What is the functional group in benzene?

34 / 40

What is the functional group in propanol?

35 / 40

What is the functional group in amides?

36 / 40

What is the functional group in ethyl acetate?

37 / 40

What is the functional group in phenylamine?

38 / 40

What is the functional group in methanol?

39 / 40

What is the functional group in dimethyl ether?

40 / 40

What is the functional group in aniline?

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Functional Groups Flashcards

Which functional group consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to four hydrogen atoms?

Amine

What functional group consists of a carbon atom double-bonded to a nitrogen atom and also bonded to an oxygen atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

Nitro

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a nitrogen atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

Nitro

What functional group consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to three alkyl or aryl groups and an -OH group?

Alkylamine

Which functional group consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two alkyl or aryl groups and two hydrogen atoms?

Secondary amine

What functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and an -OH group?

Thiol

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

Thiol

What functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and two alkyl or aryl groups?

Disulfide

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a sulfur atom and three alkyl or aryl groups?

Disulfide

Which functional group consists of a carbon atom bonded to a nitrogen atom and an alkyl or aryl group?

Amine

What is the functional group in alcohols?

-OH (hydroxyl)

What is the functional group in aldehydes?

-CHO (formyl)

What is the functional group in ketones?

-CO- (carbonyl)

What is the functional group in carboxylic acids?

-COOH (carboxyl)

What is the functional group in amines?

-NH2 (amino)

What is the functional group in esters?

-COOR (ester)

What is the functional group in amides?

-CONH2 (amide)

What is the functional group in ethers?

-O- (ether)

What is the functional group in thiols?

-SH (thiol)

What is the general structure of a ketone?

RCOR'

What functional group characterizes phenols?

-OH (hydroxyl)

What is the functional group in nitriles?

-CN (cyano)

What is the functional group in aniline?

-NH2 (amino)

Which functional group is present in acetic acid?

-COOH (carboxyl)

What is the functional group in acetone?

-CO- (carbonyl)

What is the functional group in benzene?

Aromatic ring

What is the functional group in formaldehyde?

-CHO (formyl)

What is the functional group in methanol?

-OH (hydroxyl)

What is the functional group in acetyl chloride?

-COCl (acyl chloride)

What is the functional group in ethyl acetate?

-COOR (ester)

What is the functional group in propanoic acid?

-COOH (carboxyl)

What is the functional group in dimethyl ether?

-O- (ether)

What is the functional group in phenylamine?

-NH2 (amino)

What is the functional group in propanol?

-OH (hydroxyl)

What is the functional group in butanone?

-CO- (carbonyl)

What is the functional group in ethanethiol?

-SH (thiol)

What is the functional group in oxalic acid?

-COOH (carboxyl)

What is the functional group in methylamine?

-NH2 (amino)

What is the functional group in acetophenone?

-CO- (carbonyl)

What is the functional group in chloroform?

-CCl3 (trichloromethyl)

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